This Red Army will go on to fight the Russian Civil War, and win. • March 3: The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk is signed between Russia and the Central Powers, ending WW1 in the East; Russia concedes a massive amount of land, people and resources. The aborted uprising results in Soviets losing their control over the Provisional Government, signifying the end of the ‘Dual Power’ situation. May 8 (May 20 NS): Lenin's brother, Alexander Ulyanov, is hanged for plotting to kill Czar Alexander III. The Milyukov note: A telegram sent to the Allied Powers by Foreign Minister Pavel Milyukov states the Provisional Government’s intention to continue the war. The Red Army invades and occupies Crimea and the White Army is forced to withdraw. July 11 (July 24 NS): Alexander Kerensky becomes Prime Minister of the Provisional Government.

The following day, Nicholas' brother, Mikhail announced his refusal to accept the throne. This replaced the Julian calendar, which was 13 days behind. The process of establishing Bolshevik power, and thus the success of the October Revolution, continued over the next few years as a civil war raged across Russia. While the affair is short lived, it secures power for the Bolsheviks among Petrograd’s working classes, workers and soldiers, and crushes the credibility of a coalition Provisional Government between socialists and liberals due to the Kadets (Constitutional Democrats) and even Kerensky himself being implicated in the affair. Almost to all Russians had lost faith in the leadership of the czarist regime.

1 August (19 July) 1914: Germany declares war on Russia, with Russia entering the First World War. The Russian capital is also moved from Petrograd to Moscow this year. December 8 (December 20 NS): Lenin is arrested, kept in solitary confinement for 13 months, and then exiled to Siberia for three years. Lenin returns from exile, travelling to Petrograd in a sealed train from Switzerland via Germany and Finland.

Famine in Russia kills between 375,000 and 400,000 and affects millions more. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a changing point for all of history. 59 0 obj <> endobj

The printing offices of the Bolshevik newspaper Pravda – the headquarters of the Bolshevik Central Committee – are raided, with many Bolshevik leaders arrested. October 20 (November 1 NS): Czar Alexander III dies after a sudden illness and his son, Nicholas II, becomes the ruler of Russia. It was not until after the first World War that the true commotion began to happen.

1900–1916: 1905 Revolution and Bloody Sunday | Outbreak of First World War, 1917: February Revolution | June Offensive | July Days | October Revolution | Kornilov affair.

March 3: The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, between Germany and Russia, is signed and takes Russia out of World War I. Biography of Joseph Stalin, Dictator of the Soviet Union, Timeline of the Russian Revolutions: 1905, Biography of Anastasia Romanov, Doomed Russian Duchess, The 10 Most Important Russian Czars and Empresses, A Timeline of the Russian Revolution From 1914 to 1916, B.A., History, University of California at Davis. 16 June (3 June) 1907: Coup of June 1907, which led to the dissolution of the Second State Durma of the Russian Empire, the arrest of some its members and a fundamental change in the Russian electoral law. The Russian Revolution was an uprising event that was devised to convince Tsar Nicholas ll to transform the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy. In February 1918 Soviet Russia adopted the Gregorian calendar which was already being used across Western Europe. Russia entered WW1 on August 1, 1914, after Germany declared war on it. ��2�;�LDŽM��9�C�x��R�D����Գ�|z��� �����C��e���6�~Ͷ��!���3=~�m5�q�7�;˻8��� �)�=�D|.2�v�� �{n�Wgr��e�Pr��s]�Q��=Li�-��J�+F%=�z�*СU?��5r=P.

The liberal press blames Nicholas II. It has never, to this day, gone back to St. Petersburg (or the city under any other name. The project is an innovative way of using a digital timeline to show the interrelatedness among various stakeholders in this complex historical event, the Russian Revolution of 1917. Two days later, the strikes spread across Petrograd. Robert Wilde is a historian who writes about European history. Leading up to 1905, many diverse social groups demonstrated their discontent with the Russian social and political system. April 23 (May 6 NS): -A constitution (the Fundamental Laws of 1906) is created, reflecting the promises made in the October Manifesto.

July 17: Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed. January 9 (January 22 NS): Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg—a protest which is ended by imperial forces firing into the crowds—begins the 1905 Russian Revolution.

Each person receives 1/4 pound of bread per day. The two year period starting with Bloody Sunday and subsequent civil unrest, and ending with the Coup of June 1907. October 17 (October 30 NS): The October Manifesto, issued by Czar Nicholas II, brings an end to the 1905 Russian Revolution by promising civil liberties and an elected parliament (Duma). Russia adopts the Western (Gregorian) calendar. By the beginning of 1921 the rouble has lost 96% of its pre-war value; industrial production has fallen to 10% of its 1913 level. Subsequent workers’ decrees outline measures for an eight-hour working day, minimum wage and the running of factories. 15 (2) March 1917: Tsar Nicholas II abdicates and also removes his son from the succession.

h޼W�n�6��y�E�&ހE _⮁�HҦ��%V�m��b�����VR%� Z9��眡� January 21: Lenin dies; Stalin will become his successor. The Tsar survives through being late to dinner.

July 3–7 (July 16–20 NS): The July Days begin in Petrograd with spontaneous protests against the Provisional Government; after the Bolsheviks unsuccessfully try to direct these protests into a coup, Lenin is forced into hiding. Riots and revolts began to break out to try and abdicate Nicholas II from Tsar.

October 1917: Russia recognizes Poland's independence November 1917: Bolsheviks overthrow the Kerensky government and install Lenin as leader of Russia ("october revolution") against the will of the Mensheviks and of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries (only two communists oppose Lenin's coup: Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev) The Bolsheviks won and the Communist regime was securely established, but that's the subject for another timeline (The Russian Civil War). Prime Minister Kerensky presents Kornilov’s actions as an attempted right wing coup. Tsar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks in Yekaterinburg. 18 (31) August 1914: St Petersburg is renamed Petrograd to make it sound less German.

Feeling unprepared for the position as Tsar, Nicholas was unsure how to properly run a nation as large as Russia. The Bolsheviks won and the Communist regime was securely established, but that's the subject for another timeline (The Russian …