Land Area: 452,860 km 2: Water Area: 9,980 km 2: Total Area: 462,840 km 2: Population: 6,791,317 All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The 10 Least Densely Populated Places in the World. It's most active volcano, Rabaul caldera, is situated on the island of New Britain, and as of March 2013 is engaged in an eruptive phase that began in January 2013. The volcanic disturbance can often cause severe earthquakes, which in turn can also cause tsunamis. Maritime claims: Papua New Guinea. highest peak, Mt. Across the 820 km (509 mi) border is the Papua province of Indonesia, which contains most of the western half of the island (West Papua was split off in 2003, and forms the remainder). Important rivers are the Sepik, flowing massive central cordillera, or system of mountain ranges, extending from Papua New Guinea is situated between the stable continental mass of group, and the Admiralty Islands. PNG is the largest of the Pacific Islands Nations. [2], Tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation. These are measured from claimed archipelagic baselines. ): 98.11% (2005 estimate), This page was last edited on 12 May 2020, at 13:58. It was a lovely topography and i commend you on the spelling and grammar. navigable for 800 km (500 mi) in the southwest. directly from the sea or from narrow coastal plains. Wilhelm (4,509 m/14,793 ft). Due to its location along the Pacific Ring of Fire, Papua New Guinea has several volcanoes and is prone to earthquakes and tsunamis. Together these make up the nation of Papua New Guinea in tropical Oceania, located in the western edge of the Pacific Ocean. If the trend continues, more than half the forest that existed when Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia in 1975 will be gone by 2021. The New Guinea Highlands runs the length of New Guinea, and the highest areas receive snowfall—a rarity in the tropics. Geographically, Papua New Guinea has one of the best climate in the world. In lower altitudes, the temperature is around 80 °F (27 °C) year round. Peninsula of New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, the St. Matthias There are maritime borders with Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the southeast. Ireland area comprises Bougainville and Buka islands, the Gazelle Area: 462,840 sq km Coastline: 5,150km Capital: Port Moresby The Independent State of Papua New Guinea in the South Pacific shares a land-border with Indonesia; its other near neighbours are Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the east. topographic contrast and generally feature mountain ranges rising Offshore islands include the small, forested Admiralty Islands, the largest of which is Manus, to the north of the main island of New Guinea. The Highlands consist of a number of smaller ranges running west to east, such as the Finisterre Range which dominates the Huon Peninsula to north of the city of Lae. Guinea landscapes; there are no glaciers or snowfields. What Happened To Germanwings Flight 4U9525? Much of the country is mountainous and covered in tropical rainforests, as the New Guinea Highlands, a chain of mountains and river valleys, runs the length of the New Guinea island. [1] Its coastline is 5 152 km long. This article was so inspiring. The nation of Papua New Guinea contains the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, as well as the islands of New Ireland, New Britain, and Bougainville, in addition to numerous smaller islands. Is Chewing Gum Against the Law in Singapore? I gotta do a project on Papua New Guinea and this will help. The lowest point of Papua New Guinea is the Pacific Ocean (0m). dominate the northern part of New Britain and Bougainville, and some of are many swamps and floodplains. The largest section [4], Coordinates: 6°00′S 147°00′E / 6.000°S 147.000°E / -6.000; 147.000, Biodiversity protection efforts in Papua New Guinea, List of protected areas of Papua New Guinea, https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/bitstream/1885/132966/1/BG_04.pdf, The State of the Forests in Papua New Guinea, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Papua_New_Guinea&oldid=956280267, Papua New Guinea articles needing attention, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, other (forests, swamplands, etc. Papua New Guinea's border with Indonesia is not straight; the border loops slightly to the west along the Fly River in the south-central part of New Guinea, on the western edge of Papua New Guinea's Western Province. This makes it the 3rd largest island country in the world. The northernmost point is Mussau Island (1°23' S), southernmost point is Hemenahei Island (11°29' S), easternmost point is Olava, Bougainville (155°57' E) and the westernmost point is either Bovakaka along the Fly River border with Indonesia or Mabudawan (140°54' E). Volcanic landforms Reguards Bobby Lua. Within Papua New Guinea Mount Wilhelm is the highest peak, at 4,509 m (14,793 ft). In the lowlands The Bougainville–New There are several major rivers, notably the Sepik River, which is 1,126 km (700 mi) long, which winds through lowland swamp plains to the north coast, and the Fly River at 1,050 km (650 mi) in length, which flows through one of the largest swamplands in the world to the south coast. the smaller islands are extremely volcanic. Papua New Guinea has a total area of 462,840 km2 (178,700 sq mi), of which 452,860 km2 (174,850 sq mi) is land and 9,980 km2 (3,850 sq mi) is water. Papua New Guinea is largely mountainous, and much of it is covered with tropical rainforest. The geography of Papua New Guinea describes the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, the islands of New Ireland, New Britain and Bougainville, and smaller nearby islands. about 1,130 km (700 mi) to the north coast, and the Fly, which is [citation needed] But higher altitudes are a constant 70 °F (21 °C),[citation needed] and the highest altitudes, especially of Mount Wilhelm and Mount Giluwe, can see snow.[3]. Australia and the deep ocean basin of the Pacific. Together these make up the nation of Papua New Guinea in tropical Oceania, located in the western edge of the Pacific Ocean. Papua New Guinea has several volcanoes, as it is situated along the Pacific Ring of Fire. Rivers of note include the Sepik River which winds its way through lowland swamp plains to the northern coast, and the Fly River which flows through one of the largest swamplands in the world on its way to the south coast of the island.