6. It compares Claire's performance with somebody else's.) Examples: Yes or no? Usage. 10. Claire dances less elegantly. Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (larger, smaller, faster, higher). What Is a Superlative Adverb? Adjectives with three or more syllables form the comparative by putting more in front of the adjective, and the superlative by putting most in front. Superlative = the least + adjective. That said, do have a better understanding of comparatives and superlatives now? Examples: • Are older people less adaptive than younger people? • Joe had the least experienced among the applicants. An expression like "most carefully" (formed from the adverb "carefully") is known as a superlative adverb. ), smallest, happiest, widest, most beautiful, The bill is extortionate, and this is the, Last week, I stated that this woman was the, Instantaneous (Can something be more instantaneous?). Words like "prettier" and "richer" (formed from the adjectives "pretty" and "rich") are known as comparative adjectives. These adjectives form the superlative either by adding -est or by preceeding the adjective with most. Comparatives and superlatives also express lessening or de-intensifing qualities. (See Issue 3 at the bottom. Say why and give examples. What is the least productive use of your time? Which occupations pay the least amount of money? For example: • Was there less crime in the past? © EF Education First Ltd 2020. 9. (Here, "less elegantly" is a comparative adverb. Do you disagree with something on this page. Subject + be + less + adjective + (than + object). If you are not sure whether a two-syllable adjective can take a comparative or superlative ending, play it safe and use more and most instead. What is the least effective way to work or study? For example: small, happy, wide, beautiful; Read more about the positive degree. • Who are the least dedicated workers in this department? Forming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives An adjective can be in one of the following three degrees. • Is butter less fattening than bread? The positive degree. What are the least desirable occupations among young people? A comparative adjective is used to show who (or what) has a quality to the greater or lesser degree. 5. Forming comparatives and superlatives is easy. What is the least strenuous way to be fit and healthy? • Mr. Buick’s team is less motivated than Mrs. Maguire’s (team). Some common irregular adverbs are well, better, best and badly, worse, worst. Examples: 7. Who among your acquaintances drinks and smokes the least? For adjectives ending in y, change the y to an i before adding the ending. • You three are the least well-behaved in of the whole class. • Your friend is richer than his cousin. What are your least favorite foods and music? 8. There is less security now than in my grandparents’ time, but there is more opportunity. Why? In many cases, both forms are used, although one usage will be more common than the other. • I ordered the least spicy dish. Comparatives and Superlatives Review: Intensification, Comparative = (adjective)-er/ier; or more + adjective Jim and Jack are both my friends, but I like Jack, We all threw our rocks at the same time. 4. They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared, in this pattern: Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object). They are used in sentences where a subject is compared to a group of objects. Examples: For example, with the adjective intelligent, the negative comparative is less intelligent. Subject + be/main verb + the least + adjective. For example: clever, cleverer, cleverest. • What was your least favorite subject or activity in school? What is the least difficult way to become rich? Regular adjectives with two syllables can often also form the comparative and superlative like adjectives with one syllable. What is the least tedious/laborious way to master English? To lessen or de-intensity an adjective quality, we use, Forms of be: be, am, is, are, was, were, been, being. To lessen or de-intensity an adjective quality, we use. The second item of comparison can be omitted if it is clear from the context (final example below). What are the least interesting topics for you. What/who + be/main verb + the least + adjective (noun)? • What is the least attractive building in the city centre? Superlative adjectives are used to describe an object which is at the upper or lower limit of a quality (the tallest, the smallest, the fastest, the highest). 3. 1. Comparative = less + adjective. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. Examples: All rights reserved. ( with adjectives) Less identifies the negative comparative form of all comparable adjectives. Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words.