Juveniles (aged 10-17) were the offenders in 20% of cases. This was a decrease of nearly 8% compared to 2018/19 and 31% higher than in 2014/15.

Knife crime by police force area. The figures for 2008, when the data was first compiled, were 20% and 9% respectively. The Crime Survey for England and Wales, which includes offences that aren't reported to police, indicates that overall levels of violence have fallen by about a quarter since 2013.

Despite these gruesome facts, the violent crime rate has fallen significantly since 1990, and the United States is much safer than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. Although knife crime is on the increase, it should be seen in context. Since 2010, police numbers have decreased by almost 20,000. Sentences for all kinds of violent crime have been getting tougher, particularly for knife crime.

The Ministry of Justice tracks the penalties imposed for those caught carrying knives and other offensive weapons in England and Wales. In 2018, a Home Affairs Committee report said police forces were "struggling to cope" amid falling staff numbers and a leaked Home Office document said they had "likely contributed" to a rise in serious violent crime. Next highest was the North West, with 93 knife offences per 100,000 population, and Yorkshire and the Humber, 86. London has the largest proportion of knife crime. It outlines a recent history of their reform and available evidence on their effectiveness at reducing and detecting crime. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}On a knife edge: The rise of violence on London's streets, China says HK opposition walkout is open challenge. Figures from the Home Office show a reduction in the total workforce police of 18% (that includes officers, police and community support officers, and other police staff) between March 2010 and March 2018. In addition, due to ongoing problems, data from Greater Manchester Police is not available for the year 2019/20. Knife crime vs … So what is happening? It's relatively unusual for a violent incident to involve a knife, and rarer still for someone to need hospital treatment. There were 43,516 knife crime offences in the 12 months ending March 2019. The Metropolitan Police Chief Commissioner Cressida Dick has said tackling violence in London is her "priority". Copyright © 2020 House of Commons Library. Theresa May, as home secretary, led efforts to drive down the number of stops, but there's anecdotal evidence from police that young people are now more inclined to carry knives because of growing confidence they won't be stopped. Northumbria (down 25%) recorded the highest funding reduction between 2010-11 and 2018-19 in the country, followed by the West Midlands (down 23%). The figures also show that the sentences for knife crime have been getting tougher, with a higher proportion of custodial sentences. Subscribe to receive email alerts every time we publish new research about the topics you’re interested in. Knife crime in England and Wales has been rising since 2014 and reached a peak in the year to September 2018, according to the last report from the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Only UNODC data is used in the main table below. On a knife edge: The rise of violence on London's streets, Diwali with a difference under Covid-19. However, the police-recorded statistics - which tend to pick up more "high harm" crimes - have indicated that the most serious violent crime is increasing.

London has seen an 11% rise. The average time for those jailed for a knife crime has gone up from around five months in 2008 to eight months in 2018. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary. But one in five - 4,451 - was under the age of 18.

The explanations for rising knife crime have ranged from police budget cuts, to gang violence and disputes between drug dealers.

Policing, criminal justice and sentencing are devolved in Scotland and Northern Ireland, which also collect crime data in slightly different ways.

Almost nine in every 10 crimes involving a knife or a sharp instrument in England and Wales were robberies or violent assaults.

The figures also show 25% of victims were black - the highest proportion since data was first collected in 1997. The Metropolitan Police saw 168 offences per 100,000 people in the latest year. Britain is seeing a rise in knife crime across the country, but in Kent and West Yorkshire, it is rising at the fastest rate of all. There were 43,516 knife crime offences in the 12 months ending March 2019. Public anxiety about knife crime, legislative changes and firmer guidance for judges and magistrates have led to the stiffer sentences, although offenders under 18 are still more likely to be cautioned than locked up. The statistical basis for that is far from clear - but Scotland Yard, with the mayor of London's support, has begun increasing the use of stop and search again.
Excluding figures from Greater Manchester, this is the highest number of offences since the year ending March 2011, the earliest point at which comparable data are available. Knife crime tends to be more prevalent in large cities, particularly in London. There were 4,757 finished consultant episodes (FCE) recorded in English hospitals in 2019/20 due to assault by a sharp object.
Video, The Russian provinces buckling under Covid-19. However the perspective changes if the rate of increase is considered, with Kent and West Yorkshire seeing huge jumps in the number of offences. This increase is directly related with improvements in recording practices. People can also be searched without reasonable grounds if a senior officer believes there's a risk of serious violence in a particular area. Download ‘Knife crime statistics’ report (2 MB, PDF), CBPSN04304.download (181 KB, Excel Spreadsheet), In the year ending March 2019 there were 259, Protections for emergency service workers.

In the year ending June 2019, there were 22,306 disposals given for possession of a knife or offensive weapon. This piece was originally published in January 2018, but is updated regularly to include the latest statistics.

However, the number of patients under the age of 18 has risen from 318 in the year ending March 2013 to 573 in the year ending March 2018. In the year ending March 2020, there were around 46,000 (selected) offences involving a knife or sharp instrument in England and Wales. Crime Index by Country 2020 Mid-Year Chart: Crime Index Select date: 2020 Mid-Year 2020 2019 Mid-Year 2019 2018 Mid-Year 2018 2017 Mid-Year 2017 2016 Mid-Year 2016 2015 Mid-Year 2015 2014 Mid-Year 2014 2013 2012 US results: How will this endless election end? Beijing has condemned the mass resignation of Hong Kong lawmakers and claimed it was a "farce". This Commons Library briefing paper discusses police stop and search powers. .css-po6dm6-ItalicText{font-style:italic;}Additional research by Ben Butcher. VideoThe Russian provinces buckling under Covid-19, .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Hong Kong: China says opposition walkout is open challenge.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, Joe Biden picks Ron Klain as White House chief of staff2, Coronavirus: New York imposes measures in 'last chance' against new wave3, US election: Gulf Arab leaders face new reality after Biden victory4, New Yorker fires Jeffrey Toobin for exposing himself on Zoom5, Australia may prosecute soldiers over Afghanistan 'war crimes'6, The burning scar: Inside the destruction of Asia’s last rainforests7, US results: How will this endless election end?8, Delhi's Covid cases spike as temperatures drop and pollution rises9, Australia Post to support use of Aboriginal place names on mail10.

In 2018, 35% of all knife offences recorded happened in the capital. By Carmen Aguilar Garcia, data journalist. Delhi's Covid cases spike as temperatures drop and pollution rises, Australia Post to support use of Aboriginal place names on mail, has said there is no "direct correlation", said police forces were "struggling to cope".

For every 100,000 people in the capital, there were 169 knife offences in 2018-19.