We don’t have a future tense, but use a variety of different structures to talk about the future in different ways. Once students have practiced making simple future tense sentences with will, it’s time to practice some more with a fun future tense guessing game. The speaker must refer to the future and not to the present. The word will itself is ambiguous between future tense and an expression of determination (as in Sharks or no sharks, I will swim to Alcatraz), and its homonyms show up in free will, strong-willed, and to will something to happen. First, ask students what day it is today and write that day in the middle of the timeline. The difference in future tense verbs depends on whether the action will be ongoing or completed at a specific time. Will, going to and present continuous can all be used to talk about future plans and future, but with a difference in meaning. Alternatively, to make this into a speaking activity have students ask the questions to their partner / classmates and then write down their answers. Simple future tense is used to express the actions in the future. How Many Verb Tenses Are There in English? 1. to talk about future actions we can't influence or control. If you are also teaching the future tense with ‘going to’, then many of the activities in this lesson can be easily adapted for that, too. There aren’t any tennis courts available. Find more words! Students will see a future tense sentence with a word missing. e.g. Use present continuous to describe a future arrangement – something that is fixed in some way. 3. with I / we for spontaneous reactions or making promises. There is often only a little difference between the future tenses, especially between the going to - future and the present progressive. Each student must make a different sentence and cannot repeat what the previous students have said. In written English the simple future is usually used while in spoken English we use the going to - future more often. . Each answer uses a different future form, and communicates a different kind of future plan. This is the case in your sentence. The sky is blue – it is not going to rain. Students can write down their own answers using the future simple tense. Tell students that it is your best friend’s birthday at the weekend and you want to throw him / her a surprise birthday party. These can be decisions, assumptions or predictions, etc. Then ask students what day it is tomorrow and write that day on the right side of the timeline. This tense is constructed with: be + going to + infinitive. It CAN be the past tense of "will". As a result, the question is less confronting. For example, you might ask “What will Sally do for the party?” and students would answer something like “She will choose the music.”. They deal with the present, past, and future in a straightforward manner. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive new posts by email. Learn how to conjugate the future tense with going to in English grammar and get tips on its usage in this online English grammar lesson. The future tense with going to, also simple future, can express a logical prediction or a future plan. Now listen to this final sentence – it contains all three future forms. ESL Lesson Plans – Complete With Fun Games And Activities, Future Tense – A Complete ESL Lesson Plan, ‘What Am I?’ Quizzes | 40 ‘What Am I?’ Quiz Questions With Answers, Fall Words | Useful List Of Words About Fall In English, 25 Funny Philosophical Questions To Get Students Talking, Onomatopoeia Examples | Onomatopoeia Words And Example Sentences. For more future tense worksheets check out our future tense worksheets page. A great way to do this is to give students a few minutes to ask their partner ‘What will you do after class?’. This is challenging for students – you have to be careful to choose the correct form for a specific context. I’m playing tennis with Mike at 3pm on Saturday afternoon – I reserved the court last week. The speaker uses ‘going to’ because she is not planning to go out – it is not her intention. Negative: Subject + will + not (won't) + verb, Questions: Question word + will + subject + verb. . So Mrs Lucky is going to leave her umbrella at home. I’m going to play tennis on Saturday = I’m planning on playing tennis on Saturday.. Use will + verb to describe a spontaneous decision about the future.. e.g. Never use this form in formal written English. Imagine you’re at work and it’s about 12.30. Now listen to three possible answers to this question. Past, Present, and Future Are Simple Tenses, Various Future Forms for English Learners, both the future with 'will' and with 'going to', M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music, B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music. Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises. Feel free to ask any questions if you are unsure about anything. This speaker uses present continuous because she is describing a fixed or previously agreed future plan – a future arrangement. Before teaching students the future tense form, it is important to put the lesson in context so that students can understand what it is they will learn. Teachers can print out these materials for use in-class, or find help with how to teach future forms, as well as the lesson plans suggested below. Tell them that they are all invited and you want them to help you plan the best surprise party. Key words: I'm sure, I believe, I expect, I hope, I suppose, I think, I'm afraid, I wonder, I fear, I worry, I promise, I guess or perhaps, possibly, surely, probably, maybe. 1. to talk about future things you intend to do, plan or decided to do. The difference in future tense verbs depends on whether the action will be ongoing or completed at a specific time. In the exercises, you can test your knowledge. Key words: I'm sure, I believe, I expect, I hope, I suppose, I think, I'm afraid, I wonder, I fear, I worry, I promise, I guess or perhaps, possibly, surely, probably, maybe. This is not something that she had already planned – she has formed the plan as she speaks. Would has multiple definitions.. Before finishing the class, review with students how to form the future simple tense and how to ask and answer about future plans. We use ‘will + verb’ to communicate a spontaneous decision about the future. It also depends on the country and region and on the communication what future tense is used. Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. There aren’t any tennis courts available. Using this simple timeline, you can demonstrate when the future is relative to now and can explain to students that in this lesson they will learn how to talk about events that will happen in the future. people plan events like birthday parties or weddings or when people talk about things that will happen in the ... the negative future tense words or phrases. e.g. . Subject + will + not + Base form(V1) + object. These can be decisions, assumptions or predictions, etc. One of your colleagues comes up to you and asks you the following question: I’m going to the cafe to get a sandwich for lunch, do you want anything? Each question asks the students to write down their future plan. They communicate the fact that this is an arrangement by using the present continuous. To make this activity more fun, and to practice the future tense in the third person, after the activity choose some students and ask the rest of the class if they can remember what they will do for the party. The future in English can be rather confusing. Find conjugation of plan. Use of the Simple Future Tense. With Lingolia Plus you can access 13 additional exercises about Future Simple (going to), as well as 718 online exercises to improve your English. Use will + verb to describe a spontaneous decision about the future. For example, It will be summer soon. Now, the game can begin. This will drastically increase their abilities to communicate effectively in English. Once students learn how to use the future tense they can use this language to talk about their future plans and events that will happen in the future. This video is a guessing game. Read each future tense sentence aloud and ask students to repeat after you.