As a native, it is well adapted to our area and rarely has any disease or pest problems. [3] When crushed the leaf has a sweet odor, described as being "anise-like". Expect Florida anise to grow from 10 to 15 feet tall and about 6 to 10 feet wide. The Florida anise (Illicium floridanum) is a good choice. Read about them and visit me at www.mariesgardenanddesign.com. However, there are some less-commonly chosen evergreen shrubs that will add charm and distinction to your landscape. Fertilize in spring as growth begins with an all-purpose fertilizer and mulch well to maintain moisture and boost the organic content of the soil. However, there is a similar species, the Chinese plant known as Illicium verum, which is used as a spice, and the oil of which is used in medicine and to flavor alcoholic beverages. The soil for this plant should be moist, mulched and watered, especially during periods of dryness. [4] Within the leaf of this shrub, a flower also grows. Glossy but leathery dark green leaves 2 to 6 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide adorn the tree year-round.

For variety, select 'Shady Lady' for its variegated leaves and pink flowers. Florida Anise is one of the most dependable broad-leaved evergreen shrubs for the shade garden. [citation needed], The Illicium floridanum plant was first discovered in 1765 by the servant of a man named William Clifton, Esq. Mexican anise-tree (Illicium mexicanum) hails from Mexico, and Henry anise-tree (Illicium henryi) comes to us from western China. Leaves are olive-green, especially when grown in sun, and small yellow flowers often go unnoticed. It was first observed growing in a swamp near Pensacola. This plant has a variety that can be produced in cultivation through selective breeding. USDA PLANTS Profile for Illicium floridanum, University of Florida factsheet on Illicium anisatum, Illicium simonsii at Quarryhill Botanical garden, Read articles about: Evergreen Trees And Shrubs, Illicium, Ornamental Trees And Shrubs. Highly adaptable, this plant can be grown in full sun or in a mostly shaded location. Yellow anise (Illicium parviflorum), another Florida native, is also very useful in the landscape. Few pests attack this native shrub. The flower has 20 to 30 maroon-colored petals.

Serving as a Master Flower Show Judge, a Floral Design Instructor, instructor of horticulture for National Garden Clubs, and a University of Florida Master Gardener immerses me in gardening/teaching activities. Back to the top Advertise | Do not use llicium floridanum or I. parviflorum as spices. Cultivars of Illicium floridanum include the white-flowered form album, as well as cultivars like 'Semmes' and 'Alba'. Specimens can be found in the wild in the Florida panhandle and across Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to southeastern Louisiana. In 1766, King George III's botanist, John Bartram, found the Illicium flordianum plant on St. Johns River bank located in East Florida. Tour | Florida anise fits well into naturalistic landscapes in damp, shady areas.

[4], This perennial plant is found in northern Florida and Georgia, as well as along the coastal plain toward Louisiana. Very rare and seldom encountered in the trade are three other species. Media Kit | This underused evergreen shrub is native to the Northwest Florida Panhandle, extending along the coastal plain toward Louisiana. Japanese anise-tree (Illicium anisatum), which is native to China and Japan, is well-suited to gardens in USDA Zones 8 to 9. The plant tolerates a wide variety of soils, from extremely moist to dry, and is tolerant of both sun and shade. About | It grows in partial to fully shaded areas. Specimens can be found in the wild in the Florida panhandle and across Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to southeastern Louisiana. [3] The flower is attractive, and it is often overlooked within the lush shiny foliage, but has a fish-like odor.

While they are attractive enough for viewing, getting too close may reveal a somewhat fishy odor. Depending on the breeding, white flowers can be observed.
Featured Companies | [6], Illicium floridanum should not be ingested, and is not considered an alternative to a culinary spice. They are ... read more. Thanks to bootandall, conor 123, growin, plantfreak, and mgarr for pictures used in this article. A sniff of the leaves reveals a pleasant anise scent that tempts the passerby to tear a leaf in order to enjoy the spicy aroma. of West Florida. [ Home | Hardy from USDA Zones 7-10, it is an excellent choice gardens in the Deep South.

The slender branches often droop to the ground, giving a …

In spring, dark red/maroon, 2 … Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com. Mission | The Illicium floridanum plant is endangered in Georgia. [2], The Florida anise tree has large evergreen lance shaped leaves that are lustrous and dark green.

Yellow anise is easily rooted from cuttings, and it occurs naturally in wet areas in southern Georgia and Florida. The growth habit is upright to pyramidal, and suckers often appear around established shrubs. If desired, the shrub can be trained into a small tree by removing some of the lower limbs.

Fruits are extremely toxic. Although it grows best in moist, well-drained, rich soil, it is moderately drought tolerant and requires little fertilizer for good foliage color and adequate growth. I am author of four gardening books, all published by Pineapple Press, Sarasota, Florida. Illicium floridanum (also known as purple anise, Florida anise, stink-bush, or star-anise) is an evergreen shrub native to the southeastern United States, especially Florida and Louisiana. In spring, maroon, 2-inch diameter flowers with many straplike petals bloom. | Henriette's Herbal Homepage", "Plants Profile for Illicium floridanum (Florida anisetree)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Illicium_floridanum&oldid=961539269, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 June 2020, at 02:16. I use ... read more, A small feral colony lives in Socorro, NM. Florida Anise ( Illicium floridanum) is a flowering evergreen shrub that more Southern gardeners should know and use. Branch out and add uncommon beauty to your garden with Florida anise or any other of the anise shrubs. Soil high in organic matter is preferred. Mexican anise-tree (, Camellias: Winter Blooming Shrubs for Southern Gardens (Hardiness Zone to 7b). [3] The Illicium floridanum shrub can be seen growing in wetlands, but can also be found in non-wetland areas.
However, it can survive in sunny areas, as long as it is being watered well. [3] The leaf of this plant has a parallel main vein. When mature, the seeds burst and send the seeds in all directions. Expect Florida anise to grow from 10 to 15 feet tall and about 6 to 10 feet wide. Excellent for use as a an evergreen privacy screen in shade or as a large specimen shrub or small tree, Florida Anise is one of the most dependable broad-leaved evergreen shrubs for the shade garden and sites with consistently moist soil. The popular star-anise (Illicium verum) that is used as a culinary spice hails from China and Vietnam. Mouse over each picture for identification. Box 110180 Gainesville, FL 32611-0180 | Phone: (352) 392-1761, This page uses Google Analytics (Google Privacy Policy) | Policies: UF Privacy | SSN Privacy | IFAS Web Policy | EOI Statement | Log in, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. I had been seeing this plant growing along the road ... read more, I have literal swarms of honey bees yearly.

© 2020 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands Glossy but leathery dark green leaves 2 to 6 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide adorn the tree year-round. Florida anise (Illicium floridanum) is one of the South's most dependable broad-leaved evergreen shrubs. In a mixed shrub border, allow about 15 feet between Florida anise and other shrubs to maintain the individuality of each specimen. Illicium floridanum (also known as purple anise, Florida anise, stink-bush, or star-anise) is an evergreen shrub native to the southeastern United States, especially Florida and Louisiana. Every neighborhood is filled with azaleas, camellias, gardenias, loropetalums, and ligustrums. Plant Florida anise in shade to partial shade in well-drained, moist, acid soil.

He made a drawing of the plant, where he described the petals, leaves, and type of tree. Global Posts, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and University of Florida, P.O. In addition to these activities, I contribute regularly to Florida Gardening magazine and other publications. If a hedge is desired, plant on 10-foot centers for compactness. Both are toxic and should not be ingested.

A wiff of the leaves reveals a pleasant anise scent that tempts the passerby to …

Florida anise is an evergreen shrub growing 10 to 12 feet tall and 6 to 8 feet wide. These seeds germinate readily and provide an easy means of propagation. 'Pebblebrook' is a dwarf cultivar that grows to about 5 feet tall and wide. It makes a great evergreen shrub or small tree growing from 6 to 10 feet tall. Star anise is a rapidly growing, evergreen native shrub. Contact Us |