Note the top note of the chord on the E string descends chromatically in the first bars. Jean Pierre from France. *Hint - This is one of the biggest benefits of transcribing! While there’s nothing wrong with having the 4th on top, this can sometimes clash with the 3rd. The first ii-V-I is in Bb major, and the second ii-V-I is in G- which is the relative minor of Bb. It is worth noting that Autumn Leaves is commonly called in two keys, To make the chords interesting, I used a combination of. If you want to avoid a little surprise or a bad experience at a jam session, make sure you learn it in both keys like the grown-ups do! When I play gigs as a leader, I often simply start this riff and the other musicians come in whenever they are ready. Autumn Leaves is a 32 bar song form that follows the AABC song form structure. All the quarter note rhythms are scale based phrases leading to a long note which is the 3rd of the chord as shown in the example below. have to work now But a problem with the sheet music about comping . The Autumn Leaves chord progression switches between major and minor ii-V-I’s as illustrated on the diagram. I have written out a basic arrangement of the first ‘A’ section below which I recorded a sample video of a while ago. They go crazy with a straight groove on the Eb chord (bVI in analysis) and they really stretch it. -Barney Kessel's Autumn Leaves album recorded in the late 60's. Also beware I don’t think that alt fits the melody, so don’t do it in the first chorus of the tune! Having two A sections which are almost the same means the harmony and chords in the first half of the tune are almost identical. These voicings are typically the first voicings a jazz guitar player learns, so we are putting them to work right away here. Although the lead sheet shows each of the chords in separate bars, common practice is to play two chords in one bar when playing the head of the tune like in bar 1. This one is swingin' with McCoy's usual brilliant playing on full display. All material © Jazzedge unless where noted. Don't use width="424" to force tiny images. It's simply a bass riff that goes 1-b3-5-6 (and back down), defining a Gm6 chord. It’s a well known tune and it still covers a lot of important cadences in a key. Check out this article to learn more about #11 chords and how to improvise over them. Eric Clapton - Autumn Leaves. I find that this piece allows for a lot of freedom in improvisation. We often default to the popular "fake book key" of E minor, so guitarists, beware! Yay for your Tip#2! As mentioned previously, we have got Cannonball's famous introduction for this tune as well as a few variations you can use for it on guitar. Make use of the areas in the melody where there is space. The Ebmaj7 in bar 4 is essentially there to create movement before the modulation to the minor ii-V-I, but the Ebmaj7 can also be seen as a tritone substitution into the A-7b5 in the next bar if you’re feeling more harmonically adventerous. Autumn Leaves is a great piece of music to write a solo guitar arrangement for no matter what stage you’re at in your development as a jazz guitarist. You can hear it on the Cannonball recording. and the lyrics and title were later added by Johnny Mercer in 1949. A ii-V-I in C gives us D-7 — G7 — Cmaj7 and a ii-V-I in A- gives us B-7b5 — E7 — A-7 which is effectively the first A section of the tune already. This is all part of building a great jazz guitar solo. The original lyrics are in French, written by Kosma but in 1947 Johnny Mercer wrote the English ones. Your email address will not be published. Here's a nice little backing track for you to practice some of the material covered here! The example below shows how you can comp the first A section uses shell voicings. You can also practice chromatically ascending and descending chord voicings as shown in the example below. Added summary, updated meta tags, improved headers, added wrap-up, improved meta description, improved title, added internal links. Melodic Minor Scale Guide for Jazz Guitar, Jim Hall 'Black Orpheus' Coda - Transcription, 10 Must Know Jazz Standards Every Guitarist Should Know, 4 Minor Swing Chord Studies for Jazz Guitar. The Harmonic Minor Scale The Melodic Minor Scale, ALL Book Reviews Here Forward Motion Modern Method Advancing Guitarist Barry Galbraith Books Cellular Approach Barry Harris Workshop Connecting Chords w Linear Harmony Harris Harmonic Method Demo Three Note Voicings Chord Dictionary, How to Play Chord Melody Guide 3 Steps to Chord Melody Five Chord Melody Tips for Jazz Guitar … Makes You Question Everything, Basics: 3 Powerful Fundamentals Top-50 Blues Tunes (List) Jazzing Up the Blues Beginner Jazz Blues Soloing Common Jazz Blues Progressions Intro to Bird Blues for Jazz Guitar Jazz Blues SOLOING Lesson Blues COMPING Lesson, Introduction to Rhythm ChangesPentatonics for Jazz Definitive Guide to Scale Positions How to Solo on II-V-I Jazz Guitar Arpeggios Jazz Guitar Licks Ideas Jazz Improv: Ultimate Guide How to Create Melodic Lines 4 Bebop Scale Fingerings 3 Jazz Scales for Beginners Sound Jazzy: Alt Dominants Adding Chromaticism to Your Lines Diagonal Scales for Jazz Phrasing Parallel Licks with Augmented Triads The Three Pillars of Jazz Improv Using Double-Stops Melodically Post-Holdsworth Jazz Vocab Using the Diminished Scale Improv on Typically Jazz Progressions Playing Over Turnarounds Major to Minor Jazz Licks Pillar #1: Define the Sandbox “Make the Changes” While Soloing Backdoor Jazz Guitar Licks How to Play What You Hear? This type of chordal practice is an essential part of feeling comfortable in comping and chord soloing situations when playing Autumn Leaves. I don't subscribe to this way of thinking; most professional jazz musicians love to play Autumn Leaves! Autumn Leaves is a great chord progression to start improvising following the harmony. One of my weird tricks is during a solo to alt that B7 (if you’re in “Autumn Leaves” Eminor key, like the Real Book1 charts this tune) so I get a Fmi7b5 / B7alt / Emi6 (2-5-1 minor) progression. 4/4 timing. It features Miles Davis playing the theme and then a classic solo. Guide tone soloing means using arpeggios in a musical fashion, and provides an effective way to outline chords quickly. Editor's Note: This blog post was updated on 05/29/2019. Autumn Leaves is a great tune to try in chord melody form because the harmony moves in 4ths and it also presents some basic challenges in the melody. This article breaks down the harmony and structure of Autumn Leaves and shows you how to create a chord melody, blow, and comp over the changes. For the dominant 7th and major 7th chords I used #11 chords instead of having 4ths on the top string. Since that time it has become a very popular song and surely one of the most played jazz standards. On Kessel's take here, he offers up some interesting harmonization techniques and really gives us a beautiful version of this classic tune.